By Gordon L. Rottman
The southernmost quarter of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) encompassed the substantial Mekong River Delta, and region masking 10,190 sq. miles. 3 significant rivers run in the course of the Delta, the track Hou Giang (aka Bassac) and the track Mekong, which broke into 3 huge rivers (Song My Tho, Ham Luong, and cross Chien). The Nhon Trach delineated the Delta's jap aspect. In all there have been a few 1,500 miles of typical navigable waterways and 2,500 miles of synthetic canals and channels. The canal procedure used to be started in 800 advert and its enlargement persevered as much as global struggle II. The nation's capital, Saigon, lies at the Delta's northern side. Few roads and highways served the area with sampans and different small watercraft through the canals being the most technique of transportation.
At least 70,000 Viet Cong (VC) have been scattered over the world controlling as much as 1 / 4 of the inhabitants. 3 military of the Republic Vietnam (ARVN) divisions in addition to a number of paramilitary forces battled the VC within the marshes, forests, and paddies. In 1965 the army scenario within the Delta had deteriorated and the choice used to be taken to shore issues up through committing a joint military and army cellular Riverine strength. This strength used to be distinctive in its composition, undertaking, and the detailed craft during which it operated. the military part used to be the second Brigade, ninth Infantry department; the military part used to be River attack Flotilla One. a number of the watercraft assigned to the cellular Riverine strength are the topic of this booklet. those integrated much-modified touchdown craft, purpose-built patrol boats together with speedy Boats and screens, and a number of auxiliary and aid vessels. activity strength CLEARWATER, a way smaller operation within the severe northern element of South Vietnam, extensively utilized those craft.